MARLON RIGGS. Born in Ft. Worth, Texas, U.S.A., 3 February 1957.

Graduated from Harvard University, magna cum laude, B.A. in history 1978; University of California at Berkeley, M.A. in journalism 1981. Taught documentary film, Graduate School of Journalism at the University of California, Berkeley from 1987; produced numerous video documentaries, from 1987. Honorary doctorate, California College of Arts and Crafts, 1993. Recipient: Emmy Awards, 1987 and 1991; George Foster Peabody Award, 1989; Blue Ribbon, American Film and Video Festival, 1990; Best Video, New York Documentary Film Festival, 1990; Erik Barnouw Award, 1992. Died in Oakland, California, 5 April 1994.

TELEVISION DOCUMENTARIES

1987 Ethnic Notions
1988 Tongues Untied
1989 Color Adjustment
1992 Non, Je Ne Regrette Rein (NoRegret)
1994 Black Is...Black Ain't

PUBLICATIONS (selection)

"Black Macho Revisited: Reflections of a Snap! Queen." Black American Literature Forum (Terre Haute, Indiana), Summer 1991.

"Notes of a Signifying Snap! Queen." Art Journal (New York), Fall, 1991.

Grundmann, R. "New Agendas in Black Filmmaking: An Interview with Marlon Riggs." Cineaste (New York), 1992.

FURTHER READING

Becquer, M. "Snap-Thology and other Discursive Practices in Tongues Untied." Wide Angle--A Quarterly Journal of Film History, Theory and Criticism (Athens, Ohio), 1991.

Berger, M. "Too Shocking to Show." Art in America (New York), July 1992.

Corey K., and Alexander Doty. Out in Culture: Gay, Lesbian, and Queer Essays on Popular Culture. Durham, NorthCarolina: Duke University Press, 1995.

Harper, Phillip Brian. "Marlon Riggs: The Subjective Position of Documentary Video." Art Journal (New York), Winter 1995.

Maslin, Janet. "Under Scrutiny: TV Images of Blacks." The New York Times, 29 January 1992.

Mercer, Kobina. "Dark and Lovely Too: Black Gay Men in Independent Film." In, Gerver, Martha, with others, editors. Queer Looks: Perspectives on Lesbian and Gay Film and Video. New York: Routledge, 1993.

Mills, David. "The Director with Tongue Untied; Marlon Riggs, A Filmmaker Who Lives Controversy." Washington (D.C.) Post, 15 June 1992.

Prial, Frank J. "TV Film About Gay Blacks is Under Attack." The New York Times, 25 June 1991.

Scott, Darieck. "Jungle Fever? Black Gay

Identity Politics, White Dick, and the Utopian Bedroom." GLQ: A Journal of Lesbian and Gay Studies (Yverdon, Switzerland), 1994.